Glossary

BGP
Border Gate Protocol

ADR
Alternative Dispute Resolution 

Administrative completeness check
A preliminary check of the applications in order do confirm that the applicant has correctly filled out the application. 

ccTLD
Country Code Top Level Domain

DAS
Domain Availability Service

DDOS
Distributed Denial of Service attack

Dispute Resolution
Refers to a process which applies to applicants whose applications are the subject of a formal objection.

DNS
Domain Name System

DNS SEC
Domain Name System Security Extension

DOS
Denial of Service attack

EPP
Extensible Provisioning Protocol

Extended evaluation
An evaluation of the application which can be requested by an applicant who does not pass the Initial Evaluation. An applicant must be deemed eligible for an Extended Evaluation by ICANN.

gTLD
Generic Top Level Domain

IDN
Internationalised Domain Names 

Initial evaluation
The first evaluation process for a New gTLD Application. The Initial Evaluation consists of a review of the applied-for string, the applicants qualifications, and applicants proposed registry services.

IP
Internet Protocol

IPv6
Internet Protocol Version 6

NAT
Network Address Translation

NS
Nameserver

NSEC3
NextSECure3

Objection filing
A period in of the New gTLD Application Process in which parties can file an objection toward a particular application on the following four grounds: string confusion, legal rights, morality and public order, community objection

PGP
Pretty Good Privacy

Public comments
A period in in the early stages of the Application process which allows the public to bring relevant information and attention to the application examiners

Registrant
The individual or organization that registers a specific domain name with a registrar. 

Registrar
Company or organisation that provides direct services to domain name registrants

Root
The Top of The Domain Name System (DNS) hierarchy.

SOA
Start of Authority

SQL
Structured Query Language

SRS
Shared Registration System

SSL
Secure Socket Layer

String contention
When more than one qualified application is for the same or a similar gTLD string, the applicants are said to be in String Contention.

Sunrise
The period of time at the launch of a new top-level domain or second-level domain during which owners of trademarks may register a domain name containing the owned mark.

TAS (Top-Level-Domain Application System).
TAS refers to the online interface which ICANN proposes to implement for the processing of New TLD Applications.

TLD
Top Level Domain

TLS
Transport Layer Security

Transition to delegation
The process after an applicant has successfully cleared the initial evaluation, and other applicable stages. During this process, the applicant is required to complete a few additional steps such as the execution of the registry agreement with ICANN and pass all pre-delegation tests.

TTL
Time to live

URL
Universal Resource Locator

URSP
Unified Rapid Suspension Procedure

WHOIS
The technical service for identifying who owns and operates a domain name

XML
Extensible Markup Language

Zone file
A text file that describes a portion of the domain name system (DNS) called a DNS zone. A zone contains information that defines mappings between domain names and IP addresses and other resources, organized in form of resource records (RR).